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OEM: What Is an Original Equipment Manufacturer?

An Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) produces parts or systems that are used in another company’s end product. It typically does not sell directly to consumers; instead, its products are incorporated into the final goods produced by another company.

Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) play in the production and supply chains of various industries, particularly in the automotive sector. According to Precedence Research, the global automotive OEM market size was estimated at USD 36 billion in 2022, and it is expected to hit around USD 54.06 billion by 2032 with a CAGR of 4.2% during the forecast period from 2023 to 2032.

What are the roles of OEMs in the Automotive Industry? 

In the automotive sector, OEMs like Volkswagen Group, Ford, Toyota, and General Motors are responsible for designing and building vehicles. They rely heavily on tier 1 suppliers for key components such as engines, transmissions, and electronic systems, integrating these parts to create a finished vehicle.


  • Ford Motor Company:
    As an original equipment manufacturer, Ford manufactures vehicles by assembling parts from suppliers like Bosch (braking systems) and Denso (electronics). Ford then sells these vehicles under its brand name.
  • Toyota:
    Toyota, another prominent original equipment manufacturer, sources components from various tier 1 suppliers, such as Aisin Seiki for transmissions and Sumitomo Electric for wiring systems to build its cars.

What are the key benefits and concerns of procuring OEM products?

Key BenefitsKey Concerns
Cost Efficiency
Economies of Scale: OEMs benefit from purchasing components in large volumes, leading to better pricing and significant cost savings.
Supplier Reliance: OEMs are heavily dependent on their suppliers for components. Any disruption in the supplier’s production can significantly impact the OEM’s ability to deliver products.
Tailored Components: OEMs can customize components to meet specific requirements, ensuring that the final product aligns precisely with desired specifications.
Flexibility Issues
Adaptability Challenges: OEMs may face challenges in quickly adapting to changes in demand or specifications due to long-term contracts and reliance on specific suppliers.
Long-term Planning
Stable Production Schedule: Engaging in long-term contracts with suppliers allows OEMs to plan effectively and maintain a stable production schedule.
Limited Differentiation: OEMs can confront a lack of differentiation, as products may be similar in design and functionality to those from competitors who may also be using the same OEM business model.

How can automotive production be streamlined with JIT Delivery?

In the automotive industry, tier 1 suppliers rely on On-Board Courier (OBC) services to deliver critical components directly to Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs). These parts are essential for just-in-time (JIT) production systems, where timely delivery is crucial to avoid production delays and reduce inventory costs. Royale International’s tailored Time Critical logistics solutions are vital for OEMs by ensuring secure and fast delivery. This maintains the efficiency and flow of the production line, enabling OEMs to consistently produce high-quality, reliable vehicles.

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